How do you cite T-shirts?

Since it’s only a matter of time before a student working on a journal asks this . . .

Q. How do you cite T-shirts?

A. You could write, for example: Last week on Ellis Avenue I saw a T-shirt that said, “I keep pressing Escape but I’m still here.” That is, if you think it’s a good idea to cite a T-shirt.

The Chicago Manual of Style Online


The Chicago Manual of Style website has just been updated with answers to the following new questions:
Q. I’m wondering about the ampersand versus “and” in journal titles.
Q. Another editor wants this: New Westminster, BC: Pie Tree Press, [1988]. I say the comma goes.
Q. We have a difference of opinion in my company about the capitalization of defined terms in policy and procedure documents.
Q. Would it be most correct to write “2000% increase,” “2,000% increase,” or “2,000 percent increase”?
Q. I often have difficulty deciding how to cite translations with critical commentaries of ancient texts. How do I refer to something the editor/translator says in that edition?
Q. What is the proper way to punctuate a compound sentence with an introductory clause that applies to both parts of the sentence?
Q. When sending a paper manuscript for approval of publication in a journal, should it be softbound or sent as loose papers?
Q. Often I find this [ . . . ] within a quote. Does this mean that there is an ellipsis in the quoted passage in the original?
Q. I understand that the term “Other” is a philosophical term. Could it be initially capitalized or in quotes, and then subsequently written lowercase?
Q. What is the correct punctuation for an event or location for a group? I have the following examples: delegates’ reception, members’ forum, speakers’ room.
Q. How do you cite T-shirts?
To read the answers to this month’s questions, go to the Chicago Manual of Style website, at
It’s coming! The 16th edition of The Chicago Manual of Style will be available in a few months. Look for more news about the new edition on Facebook and Twitter, or The new edition will be released simultaneously in print and online. Online subscribers will automatically receive the new content as part of their annual subscription. Subscribe today, or sign up for a free trial here:
This is the June 2010 update of the Chicago Manual of Style website. We update the site monthly.
You may forward and repost this message. Copyright 2010 by The University of Chicago.

This entry was posted in Citation and tagged by Paul Lomio. Bookmark the permalink.

About Paul Lomio

Paul is library director and lecturer at law at Stanford Law School. He has a J.D. from Gonzaga Law School, an LL.M. from the University of Washington, and a M.L.I.S. from the Catholic University of America. He is the author (with Henrik Spang-Hanssen) of Legal Research Methods in the U.S. and Europe. He also likes to ride his bicycle.

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